Ayurvedic science shows us not only how to cure diseases but also how to prevent their occurrence. The causes of disease are caused by an imbalance in the humours of an individual’s body or more specifically the three dosha’s of Vata, pitta and kapha. The balance of the three Dosha’s is of vital importance in maintaining the health of an individual. Ayurveda classifies people into three categories according to their constitution or prakruti which are a combination of the three dosha’s. It is this combination of the three dosha’s that is responsible for our physical, mental and emotional makeup that makes each of us a unique individual. By identifying and maintaining our prakruti an individual can maintain their own ideal state of health. The condition of our prakruti changes due to incorrect diet, emotional imbalances, too much stress, and incorrect exercise. With these disturbances the balance of the dosha’s in our body and mind system become imbalanced. This altered state of our health or imbalance in our body and mind is called our vikruti. The difference between the prakruti (balance) and vikruti (imbalance) gives a direction for healing. Our aim will be re-establish your prakruti or balanced state.
The science of Ayurveda originated within the Vedas, India’s ancient books of knowledge. (The Vedas were first perceived and not composed by the meditative minds of the ancient Rishis who lived in the caves and mountains of India.) The Vedic tradition is of a highly spiritual nature, a pure knowledge that was revealed through the hearts and minds of the enlightened Rishis. This knowledge was imparted by the Rishis in a deep state of meditation to students who came to study in the schools or ashrams where the Rishis lived. The early teachings of the Vedas were an oral tradition being handed down from generation to generation over a period of several thousand years. As there were no books the knowledge was stored in the minds of the students and it became a part of them before finally being recorded in written form. The four main Vedas are the Samaveda, Yajurveda, Artharvaveda and Rigveda. Generally, Ayurveda is recognised as an Upaveda or secondary Veda related to the Rigveda and Artharvaveda. The Rigveda is the oldest of the Vedas and contains many references to Ayurvedic principles. The Artharvaveda is the most recent of the Vedas from which Ayurveda was primarily developed. The Vedas are among the oldest bodies of knowledge in human culture and they took on their current form at some point during the second millennium BC. Although the current version of the Vedas is derived from a much earlier version that is now lost. The first millennium BC was a golden age in Indian culture and the first texts of Ayurveda were codified, namely, the Charaka Samhita and the Susruta Samhita. The Charaka Samhita deals mainly with internal body and mind medicine of Ayurveda in which the causes of disease and the constitution of a person are addressed first. The knowledge of Ayurvedic surgery and the details of its techniques are contained within the Susruta Samhita. The most widely used Ayurvedic text today is the Astanga Hridayam of Vagbhata composed around 700 AD. It was formed by condensing the works of Charaka and Susruta with information concerning new diseases and therapies. Ayurveda is the first medical science in the world that knew the importance of mind in maintaining perfect health. Ayurveda also understood the vital role of mind as an etiological factor in creation of a disease and at the same time it can be a useful means in curing a disease.
Ayurveda, the ancient medical science of India, is accepted as the oldest scientific medical system, with a long record of clinical experience. It is not merely a doctrine of medical treatment, but a way of healthy long life. Ayurveda teaches us how to maintain and protect health, how to cure diseases and how to promote longevity. Ayurveda treats man as a whole – which is a combination of body, mind and soul. Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine that originated in India thousands of years ago. The word Ayurveda is made from two Sanskrit roots “Ayu” which mean life and “Veda” which means knowledge. Therefore, the term Ayurveda means the knowledge or science of life. According to Ayurvedic fundamental’s people are a combination of the three “Dosha’s” or “Vata”, “Pitta” and “Kapha”. Each dosha has a specific quality and it is a combination of these three qualities of vata pitta and kapha which combine to make the unique qualities of every person on the planet. Just like the genetic code or DNA. The unique qualities of vata pitta and kapha are a combination of two of the five elements, Space, air, fire, water and earth. The entire physiology is made up of seven tissues (Dhatus) – plasma, blood, muscle, adipose tissue (fat), bone, bone marrow, and reproductive tissue. From the sap of all tissues, Ojai, the ultimate refined product of digestion and metabolism, which connects one’s physiology with consciousness and is responsible for greater immunity, is formed.